What is Neurological Surgery?

Neurological Surgery, or Neurosurgery, is the medical specialty pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of patients with injury to, or diseases/disorders of the brain, spinal cord and spinal column, and peripheral nerves throughout the body. Dependent upon the nature of the injury or disease, a neurosurgeon may provide surgical and/or non-surgical care.

Neurosurgeons provide care for many disorders, including:

  • Head and spine trauma
  • Brain and spine tumors
  • Cerebrovascular disorders, such as aneurysms, blocked arteries, stroke and arteriovenous malformations
  • Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, tremor, multiple sclerosis, and spasticity
  • Peripheral nerve disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar nerve entrapment
  • Chronic pain diseases, such as trigeminal neuralgia and reflex sympathetic dystrophy

Neurological surgeons provide the operative and non-operative management (i.e. evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, critical care and rehabilitation) of neurological disorders. Because neurosurgeons have extensive training in the diagnosis of all neurological diseases and disorders, emergency room physicians, neurologists, internists, family practitioners and osteopaths often call upon them for consultations.